Physiography Of India

The word physiography means the study of physical features on earth surface. Different types of physical features are exist in India. Northern part of the country is occupied by snow covered Himalaya, vast peninsular plateau lies in southern part, extreme west there is desert and a beautiful combination of great Indian plain and off shoots of Himalayan range is being found in the east. Vast diversified landscape is required for regionalisation. Thus, many of geographers divide physiography of India  into different geomorphic region on the basis of altitude, ruggedness and shape.

Regional division of India by following Geographers:

  • In 1922 L. Dadley Stamp first divide India into 3 Macro region and 22 Meso region on the basis of different Geomorphic features.
  • In 1928 J.N.L. Baker also follow the same division of Stamp.
  • In 1954 o.H.K.Spate divide India into 3 Macro region. These macro region also divided into 1st order, where 34 regions were included, 2nd order, where 74 regions were included and 3rd order where 225 regions were included.
  • Dr. Shiba Prasad Chatterjee divided India into 7 physical division. They are
    a) Himalayan region,
    b) north eastern hill region and Meghalaya Plateaue
    c) the great Indian Plain
    d)desert region
    e)central highland
    f) southern Peninsular plateau
    g) coastal plain and islands

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